Nine 12 months-old Elizabeth sits quietly listening as her mother reads from a well-written book on pure science. Mother reads a paragraph or two, after which asks Elizabeth to tell in her own words what was just read. The child eagerly relates the content of the paragraphs, usually using some of the identical expressive language as she has just heard. Mother nods and reads a few more paragraphs. When the lesson is finished, Elizabeth cheerfully moves off to her subsequent topic in school. In a few weeks, Elizabeth will probably be requested to relate what she learned from the book on natural science. She does so with close to perfect recall.
Does this scene seem unlikely to you? Not only is it doubtless, it’s taking place across the US and abroad with increasing regularity. The process of retelling in a single’s on words what’s read or heard is called narration. This method is likely one of the simplest and but most profound methods a child can Learn what makes narrative intervention work. British educational reformer Charlotte Mason recommended narration as the easiest way for a child to retain new learning.
What is narration?
Merely, narration is the telling back in a single’s own words what has been read aloud or read silently. Most children get pleasure from telling you what they know. To have an adult wait for their words with smiling eyes and anticipation is something any child cherishes. Charlotte Mason believed that this love of telling could be used as a foundation for self-education.
Narration as self-training
Much studying in classrooms and residential schools at the moment is by rote memorization. This technique of instruction is the least effective because the child is committing the information to memory for the aim of using it in a test, often with little or no comprehension
Charlotte Mason refers to the mind of the learner as having an outer and interior court. The outer court is short-term memory and doesn’t engage the personality; the internal court of long-time period memory is the seat of the child’s of emotional and cognitive abilities. When information is engaged at this inside court, information isn’t only retained it’s understood and utilized by the child.
High-quality literature essential to narration
A child can’t narrate from a textbook or a book with quick statements and many graphics. They have to be given one of the best of books, the classics, as well as non-fiction works that are descriptive.The author of a high-quality work has a passion for the subject and is able to encourage, delight and educate in a narrative form. Within the words of Ms. Mason, it’s well-put and well-told.
Tips on how to do narration?
A child of six is ready to begin with quick narrations. Aesop’s Fables is one of the simplest ways to begin because the narratives are short and include few incidents. You can lengthen the amount of material to be narrated as the child progresses. After a few years of consistent, common narration a student needs to be able to narrate a complete chapter.
To begin, sit with the child (or children) and tell him gently, that you just am going to read (title) one time and also you want him to listen careabsolutely and to inform in his personal words all he remembers of the reading. After you read the story or passage, pause a moment to let it settle in, then ask the child to inform back to you what he has heard. Hear with out remark until the child is done.
If there is more than one child you may let one begin and one other adds to the narration. Alternately, you may have the primary child narrate after which ask the second (or third) if there may be anything they wish to add. Taking turns narrating while others listen builds the behavior of attention in children.
When should I exploit written narration?
A teaching parent can start transcribing a child’s oral narrations from the first. Later, the child can write narrations independently. By sixth grade a student should be doing written narrations each day.
Starting narration with older children
What if you want to begin narration with a fourth, fifth or even junior high student? The process is the same, only the student progresses faster. Start with Aesop’s Fables, and move to more and more challenging literature. To begin with, make narration a separate subject. As you see success, bring it into your child’s regular studies, remembering to use writing of literary quality.
Benefits of narration
Just just a few of the advantages of utilizing narration as a way of self-schooling are attention, retention, expressive language, and higher level thinking. Charlotte Mason felt that narration was the means or engaging the learner in his own learning. Begin right now utilizing narration consistently in your houseschool and you will see marvelous results.